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COTTINGTON, Philip

Male - 1562


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  • Name COTTINGTON, Philip  [1
    Gender Male 
    Occupation Bef 1562  Leigh On Mendip, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Wool Merchant 

    • Philip Cottington of Leigh on Mendip first appears in records in 1562 when his will was published. He bequeathed lands at Leigh and Coleford to his widow, Margaret, and to his four sons, John, Philip, Edward and James. Philip was buried at Leigh on Mendip.
      Philip Cottington, a wool merchant, left legacies “to every one of my weavers that do work for me 4d each” and monies to the poor of the parishes of Mells, Nunney, Coleford, Downhead, both Cranmores, and Stoke Lane (Stoke St Michael). One can, therefore assume that his workforce and their dependants encompassed all of these parishes, making him a considerable local employer.
      There is little doubt that the Cottingtons built Great House Farm, a date stone on the gable end of this house, although partially illegible, appears to read EC 1596. It is probable that this house was improved by Philip’s son Edward after he had inherited it from his mother in 1588/9. Some fine tiles, decorated with a crown and arrow and bearing the latin inscription “Laus Die (Praise God), in the entrance hall, have been described as “Elizabethan” because they bear the letter “E”. On closer examination, it could be considered that this is a composite “EC” standing for Edward Cottington. The only connection with Queen Elizabeth is the fact that they fall within her reign. A blocked arch in the road side of this building appears to have the date stone 1598
      Behind Great House Farm lies an interesting group of buildings connected to the adjoining field which runs down to the Halecombe Brook, a useful source of water for the washing of fleeces.
      A building of note, which has been used as forge and carpenter’s shop in more recent times, was possibly used as a carding and dyeing shed in the Cottington era. Dye houses nearly always stood near a stream or river. This shed would have contained a copper furnace for heating the liquors and materials, wooden vats for the dyed wools, and possibly indigo grinding mills. Until 1784 there was such a dye house, owner Messrs Billingsley and Bowles, sited at Stoke St Michael. Tenter racks would have stood outside in the sun for stretching the woven wool as it was dried.
      There was probably also a wool drying shed here, though no sign of this remains since later inhabitants built an extension to the house on this spot. Such a drying house would have been a circular tower like the existing round house in Frome.
      Margaret (Margery) Cottington, of Leigh on Mendip, died in 1588/89, her will, dated 24th January 1585, left her “dwelling house at Leigh and lands in Leigh, Coleford and Kilmersdon” to her son Edward, whose marriage to Alice Webb in 1580 is recorded in the Parish registers. Alice died in 1599. Edward’s will was dated 1609.
      Philip and Margaret’s daughter, Sylvester Dackombe, stated in her will dated 1st April 1595 that she was born in Leigh.
      In 1585 the will of Anne Dackcombe of Steepleton, Dorset left bequests to “ my sister, Dorothy Hartgill; to William son of James Dackcombe and to my daughter Elizabeth Dackcombe …. the residue to my son James Dackcombe executor.”
      Between the years 1558 and 1588 English troops were mustered to fight in Queen Elizabeth’s armies in Scotland and Spain. In 1569 Margaret Cottington supplied arms to the cause. In the certificate of musters dated 1569 the following were listed:
      1 Corselet (body armour)
      1 Harquebut (musket)
      1 Bow and a sheaf of arrows.
      1 Skull (helmet) The following men were provided:
      William James (archer); John Rushden (pikeman); William Prattent (gunner); John Martin (billman). Four others in the parish, (Stephen Cabell, John Truckwell; Robert Norman and William Orenge), provided arms.

      Margaret’s son, John Cottington, purchased land in Frome, Eggford and Nunney which, at his death in 1589, he left to his brother Edward, in trust for his (John’s) son, Henry, when he came of age. Philip purchased lands at Godminster, near Bruton, in 1569.
    Died 1562  Leigh On Mendip, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Notes 
    • (Research):«b»From:«/b» Peter Bruges [mailto:Petebruges (at) aol.com]
      «b»Sent:«/b» Wednesday, June 24, 2015 1:35 PM
      «b»To:«/b» host@gean-ealogy.com
      «b»Subject:«/b» Proposed Change: COTTINGTON, John Gentleman, of Frome Selwood (I424)
      Description: John Cottington was the eldest son, Philip second, Edward third and James Doctor of Divinity was not numbered in any document but logically he was fourth.
      John agreed with his mother and two of his younger Cottington brothers that he would be sole heir to his father in return for renouncing any claim on his mother's estate.
      Philip also renounced any claim on his father's and mother's estate in return for cash from his brother Edward in order to purchase Godminster. This explains why Edward was named heir to her estates.
      After Edward's death his elder half brother and heir to his mother, Thomas Bridges (d.c. 1622) of Leigh upon Mendip reclaimed all his father's estates.
      Some Cottingtons used fictitious bequests in wills and made fraudlent attempts in Chancery to obtain the Bridges/ Burges land, manors and mills originating from Margery's first husband but all these attempts were unsuccessful.
      Phillip Cottington (d. 1562) senior origins are now more more clear, he came from Lydney, Aylburton, Gloucestershire and he was son of Edward Cottington by his first wife. Leases from Philip's father were passed to his eldest son John who had settled at Frome Eggford and the same lease in Gloucestershire were sold.
      Some historians incorrectly deduced that Cottington lands in Somerset were seized because of their support of the Catholic church but that was wrong as the lands passed without hindrance to Thomas Bridges of Leigh upon Mendip.
      Peter Bruges ~ «u»Petebruges (at) aol.com «/u»
    Person ID I420  Gean~ealogy Tree
    Last Modified 4 Jan 2017 

    Family MIDDLECOTT, Margaret "Margery" of Warminster,   d. Feb 1588, Leigh Upon Mendip, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Aft 1543  [3
    Children 
     1. COTTINGTON, John Gentleman, of Frome Selwood,   b. Bef 1550,   d. 1598, Frome Selwood, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 48 )
     2. COTTINGTON, Philip Gentleman,   b. Bef 1551,   d. 1615, Godminster, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 64 )
     3. COTTINGTON, Silvester,   d. Abt 1598
     4. COTTINGTON, Edward,   b. Bef 1557,   d. 20 Jun 1608, Leigh Upon Mendip, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 51 )
     5. COTTINGTON, James D.D.,   b. Bef 1558,   d. 1605  (Age ~ 47 )
    Last Modified 26 Apr 2010 
    Family ID F22270  Group Sheet

  • Sources 
    1. [S358] Jeanes of England, Newman, Renee.

    2. [S416] A History of Leigh on Mendip, by Mary de Viggiani.

    3. [S629] Research of Peter Bruges, Bruges, Peter.